2017 has been an interesting year for me. Henry and I started this blog around the start of the New Year and wanted this blog to turn into another passive income stream for us. I then read The End of Jobs (book review) and realized my day job wasn’t as safe. I started to ponder my options and thought about scratching the entrepreneurial itch. Fast forward a month, and I have backed out of an accepted purchase agreement. In this post, I’ll give you all the details of what happened in the past month and a snapshot of the rest of 2017.
My Motivation to Buy Another Property
I have an entrepreneurial spirit. In late March, I was seriously considering leaving my day job as a statistician to pursue online entrepreneurship. I discussed this with many parties; I chatted with my friends, my family, and my boss. Surprisingly, my boss was the most supportive of my comments and said he would understand if I left to pursue my dream. My friends and family on the other hand didn’t really get it.
After thinking it through, and taking into consideration the feedback from my boss and friends, I realized it would not be a smart move to quit my job in April. From the analysis in my post on scratching the entrepreneurial itch, I mentioned I didn’t think I had enough cash to comfortably quit right away and waiting at least until May or June would be better. In addition, I have a goal to pay down $25k of my mortgage to get rid of PMI in 2017. My boss made the point that it wouldn’t be worth staying at my job for a few months given it would be October at that point and the holidays are just around the corner. When the holidays hit, there isn’t much going on, and then once the New Year’s hits, I get a bonus + 401k match.
My boss’s points were solid and valid. I could grind in my spare time to build something on the side and target March 2018 as time to leave my day job. As a result, I’m still on pace to pay off PMI, invest in my IRA and 401k, and want to leverage my paycheck as much as possible. The thought of leveraging my paycheck led me to looking to buy another property.
My Current Housing Situation
Right now, I live in a vibrant part of Minneapolis: Uptown. It is a relatively young community (there are a lot of 22-35 year olds) and there is so much to do. I can bike 10 minutes and be at 1 of 3 lakes. There is 20 miles of bike trails, beaches, and volleyball courts around the lakes and it’s always crazy busy during the Summer time. The night life is great for a 24 year old like myself. There are plenty of things to do and new restaurants to try.
In addition to the great neighborhood, I’m in a great situation financially with 2 roommates paying me rent. My mortgage, including PMI, home insurance, and taxes is $1,702 a month, and I receive $1,300 in rent.
There really is no reason for me to leave my current situation, but as someone who is always looking to push the envelope and learn, I wanted to see what I could buy. In addition, living alone interests me. I’m getting to the age where I want my own space and not have to worry about coming home to a dirty kitchen…
Real Estate is a Great Asset Class for Investing
As a result, for the past few months, I’ve been looking to get back in the real estate game and keeping an eye on the market. Also, I love real estate for the following reasons… Real estate is:
- Accessible – Anyone can buy it
- Appreciable – Can increase in value over time
- Leverageable – You can buy on margin and borrow against equity
- Rentable – Cash flow baby!
- Improvable – Through sweat equity or contracting out
- Deductible/Depreciable/Deferrable – Amazing tax benefits
If you can handle the time spent collecting checks, dealing with tenants, and using the bank’s money, real estate can be a great way to build wealth. Now, on to my house search.
Applying The Concepts of The Millionaire Real Estate Investor
In the section “How to Buy a Million”, from The Millionaire Real Estate Investor (book review), Gary Keller lays out talks about criteria you should use to target properties. In particular, he breaks it down into specific pieces you should consider:
- Country, State, County, City, Neighborhood, Street, Lot
- Single Family, Multi Family, Commercial
- Price Range
- Potential Cash Flow
- Is the property a fixer upper or is it a turnkey property?
- How’s the roof?
- Good Foundation?
- What about electrical and plumbing?
- Does the Heating/AC work?
- How many beds and baths does the property have?
- What is the square footage of the property?
- Is the layout of the house favorable to renters?
My Real Estate Criteria
For me, I wanted to live alone and live in a single family house (type). I wanted to keep the price below $175,000 (Economic), and wanted the house to have a good foundation and newly updated roof. (Construction). I wasn’t concerned too much about the features, but wanted a house that I could potentially rent out at some point in the future. Combining these factors led to a few locations in the Twin Cities area (location):
- At this point in my life, I don’t want to live in the Suburbs quite yet. I’m single and want to have a relatively short trip to work in the mornings and nights.
- North Minneapolis
- North Minneapolis is a little bit rough and doesn’t have the appreciation potential of the surrounding area.
- Southeast Minneapolis
- Near Lake Nokomis and the Mississippi River, there are many cute, small houses. The one negative is it is close to the Airport, so noise may be an issue. In addition, there is not a vibrant night life like Downtown or Uptown.
Looking at these three options, Southeast Minneapolis was the best bet. Like I mentioned above, the neighborhood is relatively safe for an urban area, is relatively close to Downtown (20 minute commute), and has houses in my price range.
Let’s go find some houses!
Playing the Real Estate Investor Game
Over the past few months, I’ve been watching the market, and had a decent understanding of the prices in the area. Again, following the advice from The Millionaire Real Estate Investor (book review), there is an appropriate and recommended way to go about generating leads and making offers on properties.
5 Laws of Lead Generation
There are 5 laws of real estate lead generation:
- Never compromise
- You’re only looking for properties that meet your criteria and motivated sellers who will meet your terms.
- Be a shopper not a buyer
- It’s better to miss a good one than to buy a bad one
- Timing matters
- Be the first or last person to make an offer
- It’s a numbers game
- The quality if in the quantity
- Be organized and systematic
- Protect your time and your money
Following this advice, I continued my search for my second property. On April 13th, I was looking at Zillow and saw a house that looked promising for $149,000. It was a 2 bedroom, 1 bathroom house with 879 sq. ft. There needed to be some repairs, but the bathroom and kitchen were recently re-done. I called up an agent and we scheduled a showing for the next day.
I showed up the next day at 12:30 PM at the house with Henry and was ready to check it out. Coming up to the house, it looked okay. Since it is Spring, most of the plants and trees hadn’t bloomed yet. As a result, the yard looked a little barren but I wasn’t too worried about it.
Walking into the house, I couldn’t help but think about the work that needed to be done. The living room wood floor had a hump in it, and the bedrooms needed to be re-painted. The floors needed to be re-done and the ceilings could use some work as well. Most of this work would be cosmetic and a good learning experience for me, but I was still skeptical.
Nice Bathroom, Kitchen and Garage
Moving through the house, I admired the newly re-done bathroom.
The sink, tub, and tile combination was very nice and modern. Like I mentioned above, the kitchen and bathroom had been newly re-done and were in pretty good shape. If I were to move in, I wouldn’t touch these rooms until the bedrooms and living room were finished up.
Another bright spot of the house was the garage. The garage was two stalls and the wood seemed to be relatively new. All in all, the house seemed to be in pretty good shape and I was on the fence.
Questionable Basement (Crawl Space)
One big downside of this particular property was the lack of basement. There was a trapdoor leading down to the crawl space and the house was literally on dirt. This was a little concerning, but given the house was built in 1913, I figured it was probably safe.
Making a Decision
After leaving the showing, I had to make a decision: did I think this house was a great deal OR should I walk away? There were many things running through my mind at this point: my criteria, my goals for 2017, my social life, and my financial situation.
The house fit in within my criteria: it was in a great location and neighborhood, the price made sense, and it would give me a great opportunity to work on my handyman skills.
At the time I was looking at this house, I was reading The Power of Broke (book review). It’s truly amazing how “you are what you eat.” In the Power of Broke, there are many stories of people who were in survival mode and had no where to go but up. For some reason, there was a burning desire inside of me that wanted to become broke so I could force myself to crush my goals.
Lastly, I wanted to play the real estate game a little bit. I’m looking to work on my negotiation skills in 2017, and what better way to do that than to make an offer on a house!
Old Habits Do Not Die Hard
The first time I bought a house, I pulled the trigger on the 2nd house I looked at. Well, old habits do not die hard. I made up my mind later that Saturday and called my agent. I was ready to make an offer on the house….
How to Make a Solid Offer on a House
When making an offer on a house, most people think price is the only variable which matters. Actually, there are a few levers that can be pulled and adjusted to strengthen an offer on a house.
Besides adjusting the offer price, you can do the following:
- Purchase the house with all-cash or with a good chunk of money down (20%+)
- If a home buyer is paying with all cash or putting a decent percentage down for a mortgage, there is a lower probability of the buyer being rejected for financing.
- Write a letter to the seller
- Offers are just numbers and words on a contract. Guess what? People love people. Writing a letter can make your offer personal and attractive.
- Be flexible and find out the seller’s needs
- Do they need to be out by the end of the month? What is their housing status? Are they looking for more cash out, or would they be okay with seller financing?
- Put more earnest money in
- Earnest money is money that comes out of your pocket at the beginning of the process. Earnest money is used to ensure the buyer can’t just make an offer, then back out for no reason.
- Most people will put $1k to 1% in for earnest money
With these options and strategies for making a strong offer in hand, I could move on to actually making an offer on the house.
My Initial Offer
Initially, I wanted to get into the real estate game, but not go too hard. At the time of making the offer, I had about $12k in cash. Putting 5% down on a mortgage and paying 3% closing costs would result in about $11k out of pocket. I did not want my bank account balance to drop that low.
My initial offer was $149,000, seller pays 3% of closing costs, earnest money of $1,000, contingent on inspection and contingent on financing. It wasn’t the best offer, but wasn’t too bad either. I wasn’t trilled about the house, but wanted to see what would happen. One last thing to note, I wouldn’t need to submit my earnest money until after the inspection (more on this later).
My Follow-up Offer
The next day, I got a call from my agent and she said the seller’s agent called and mentioned they had received multiple offers and were calling for the final and best offer by noon Monday. My agent asked if I wanted to change my offer and I told her I would think about it. I asked my agent want price she thought would be the winning price. She said around $160,000 given it was a multiple offer scenario and this property was on the low end of the market.
As I described above, there are a few ways to improve the standing of your offer. I was looking to take a risk and gamble a little more. This was in direct violation of the 5 Laws of Lead Generation. I was compromising AND I was not being organized. If I was smart, I would have said, “Nope, this house is not worth more than $150k (or whatever price I thought it was worth)”, and walked away.
But I’m not smart I guess…. I raised my offer to $161,000, increased my earnest money to $2,500, and kept the contingencies and 3% seller paid closing costs. In addition, I wrote a letter to add a personal touch to my offer.
Going All Out With a Letter to Seller
As mentioned above, there are numerous ways to improve your offer. One of the ways to improve your offer is to send a letter to the seller. Since I was already playing the game, I figured why not write a letter…
I’m interested in the house because I love the natural light coming into the kitchen. I can imagine you hanging out with some friends chatting there over coffee or tea and having a good time. I can also see you with your friends hanging out in the back of the house, grilling and enjoying the summer times.
I’m very interested in seeing the flowers bloom in the Spring and Summer time. I’m guessing you were quite the green thumb!
I currently live in a house which was built in 1900. I love the old woodwork, both in the trim and floors, and will look to keep that tradition on 42nd Ave S. I’m excited to get to work polishing the floors, painting and making the rest of the house get on the same level of beauty as the bathroom and kitchen. My plans are to balance both modern times and the early 1900s.
Finally, I’m looking forward to move into a neighborhood near Minnehaha Park and the Mississippi River. I will be riding my bike and running all over the park to take in the beautiful scenery.
For you, I want to make my offer a convenience for you and can be flexible. I may not have the best offer, but I will take care of the house like you have for the past 25+ years. I’m 24 and looking to build my skills as a homeowner, DIYer, and repairman. Being able to work on this house will bring me great joy. To build on my earlier comment, I’m going to look to take what you’ve done with the bathroom and kitchen, and combine modern and traditional elements to create a great living space.
Thank you for considering my offer,
Let’s just say I went way too hard with the letter… keep reading to see the result!
I wasn’t the highest bidder, but my letter won the seller’s over. My agent texted me at 12:40 PM “We won the offer!!!” I was at lunch with some co-workers when I looked at the text and my stomach did a flop. My first thought was, “Oh shoot, what did I get myself into.”
There I was, about to take on another $150k in debt, and acquire another property. I was experiencing a crazy mix of emotion I was feeling – both excited and scared at the same time. I was fulfilling one of my goals for 2017 of buying another property! At the same time, I was throwing away my summer to work on a beat up house.
After work, I got home and thought about what I was getting myself into. I was excited to live alone, to work on a house, and to get going on my real estate business. At the same time, I was worried I’d be missing out on friends and family. Also, I have big dreams for The Mastermind Within, and while I could blog about my house projects, I wouldn’t be able to read books and deliver the same high quality content consistently…
Experiencing Serious Buyer’s Remorse
That next weekend, I was not happy with my decision to make an offer on the house and I was experiencing serious buyer’s remorse. The week after the purchase agreement was signed, I had an inspection. This could potentially be my saving grace if there was anything structural wrong with the house. If everything was good to go, I would go through with it. BUT if something was wrong, I was going to get out of there as fast as I could!
The inspector showed me around the house and commented on a bunch of minor points and issues. For the most part, the improvements would be cosmetic and there was nothing wrong with the house itself from a structural standpoint.
Then, we went down into the crawl space and I saw the light at the end of the tunnel (no pun intended). As you can see in the pictures on the right, the floor joists were held up by shims and were not professionally done.
The inspector commented while there were no issues currently with this set-up, he could not comment on the future. I had found my way out.
I called up my agent and said I wanted to chat about the foundation. I asked if she could call the seller and see if they would be willing to fix the joists. The seller came back saying they were selling the house as is. I had to make a decision. Do I take an old house with a suspect basement, or do I walk away? Choices.
I Backed Out of the Purchase Agreement
Thank goodness for the contingency on inspection!!! Sorry, better luck next year sellers!
The foundation issues were my saving grace. I was ecstatic to get out of the purchase agreement and on with life. Not only did I gain experience in the real estate game, but I also potentially saved tens of thousands of dollars on the foundation problems.
In addition, I would not be tying up a bunch of cash and time. I would spend a lot of time on fixing up the new house. I’m excited to be able to hit up the lakes near my current house, keep spending time growing this blog, and continue to pay down my mortgage to get rid of PMI.
At the end of the day, I spent $300 for the inspection and that was that. I didn’t lose my earnest money because the terms of the contract said I’d pay it after the inspection. Also, I didn’t spend anything on the mortgage application. Like I said, the total expense was 10 days of chaos, $300 and a 3500+ word post!
The learning experience was great. I interacted with lenders, real estate agents, and learned a lot about the entire home buying process. I’d say it was $300 well spent!
Wow, what a two week period. I’m very happy I didn’t get stuck with that property and made it out spending only $300. I’m going to chalk it up to a nice $300 learning experience! 🙂
For the rest of 2017, I’m not buying another property. I have enough projects with my current house, and side hustles to take up my time this year. I’m doing to continue to pay down my mortgage to get rid of PMI, and after that, max out my IRA. Also, since I’m going to have a steady paycheck until next March, I’m going to be active in looking for additional ways to put my money to work. I’m always looking for business opportunities and have a few in the pipeline.
March 2018 is 10 months away. I’m challenging myself to build my income streams to allow me to step away from Corporate America. It will be a grind, but I’m excited! As Daymond John says each morning, “Rise and Grind!”
My advice for you:
- Always have a “Contingent on Inspection” clause in your purchase agreement. You never know what will be uncovered during the inspection.
- Write a letter to the seller if you really want the house. A letter adds a personal touch and sets your offer apart from other people’s offers.
- Make sure you actually like the house and can imagine yourself living in it before putting an offer in!
Thanks for reading!
Do you invest in real estate? What are your thoughts on buying a fixer-upper? Have you ever had to back out of a purchase agreement?